Over USD 2.9 billion, 1.5 percent out of total mining CapEx, will be spent by the mining sector on private network in 2022, led by demand for wireless broadband technology, such as private LTE and WiFi mesh, predicts ABI Research. These wireless technologies support driverless trucks, trains and drills in mines, introducing cost efficiency and operational safety, while making modern mines safer, smarter, and more autonomous.
Recovering from low commodity pricing hits over the past two years, investment sentiment will likely trend upward in 2019. Substantial greenfield telecommunication investment will go into private LTE and WiFi mesh networks. Between the two technologies, private LTE sets to see greater adoption. Economy of scales through 3GPP standardizations and advancement in LTE hardware and software technologies continues to make LTE technology more powerful and cost friendly.
Mining companies are the actual pioneers when it comes to autonomous vehicles and private LTE network deployments. BHP, Fortescue, and Rio Tinto are currently running autonomous haulage and drilling in their iron ore mines. Mining sector will be aggressive in deploying wireless technologies and this deserves the attention of LTE vendors and service providers. Diminishing revenue from the consumer market forces LTE vendors and operators to explore business opportunities in other sectors such as mining. Aside from connectivity, they can offer value-added services, such as big data analytics, network security, and edge computing.
While most technology decisions in the mining vertical are based on cost analysis, private LTE, and
edge computing may enhance several aspects of mining operations that companies may find very valuable. Running on private LTE, mining companies can enjoy wide coverage, carrier-grade resilience,
high data throughput, and remote control and monitoring.
Despite technological advancements, private LTE and WiFi mesh networks are still being deployed predominantly in surface mining. Underground mining will be the next battleground for these wireless broadband technologies. Whichever technology is able to become technologically and commercially viable for underground mining will likely become the mainstream technology in the mining sector.