Telecom operators are gearing up to bring 5G connectivity to India and have already started to work towards the same. Telecom players including Reliance Jio, Vodafone India and Idea Cellular are getting set to introduce massive MIMO technology in India, a pre-requisite for 5G connectivity. The telecom operators are expected to embed the technology into their networks by 2020. Bharti Airtel has already started deploying the technology in Kolkata and Bangalore and is likely to introduce it to Pune, Chandigarh and Hyderabad next.
Massive MIMO (massive multiple input multiple output) boosts the transmission signals to the devices by increasing the capacity of a base station (by five to seven times as per a report) and also reducing the interference in the network. This results in improved signal reception and in turn, better spectral efficiency and data rates. Massive MIMO is expected to up the current data speeds (of up to 16 Mbps) to anywhere between 30 Mbps and 50 Mbps (peak).
Reliance Jio had earlier announced that its existing 4G networks could easily be upgraded to provide 5G connectivity in the future. Samsung has partnered with Jio as its only commercial vendor pan-India for the existing 4G networks. Earlier this year, President of Networks Business at Samsung Electronics, Youngky Kim had said "We will strive to create new paradigms for LTE-Advanced Pro and 5G by closely cooperating with Jio as a unified workforce." – News18